Assessing Building Performance in Residential Buildings using BIM and Sensor Data

Rogage, Kay, Clear, Adrian, Alwan, Zaid, Lawrence, Tom and Kelly, Graham (2019) Assessing Building Performance in Residential Buildings using BIM and Sensor Data. International Journal of Building Pathology and Adaptation. ISSN 2398-4708 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJBPA-01-2019-0012

Abstract

Purpose
Buildings and their use is a complex process from design to occupation. Buildings produce huge volumes of data such as building information modelling (BIM), sensor (e.g. from building management systems), occupant and building maintenance data. These data can be spread across multiple disconnected systems in numerous formats, making their combined analysis difficult. The purpose of this paper is to bring these sources of data together, to provide a more complete account of a building and, consequently, a more comprehensive basis for understanding and managing its performance.

Design/methodology/approach
Building data from a sample of newly constructed housing units were analysed, several properties were identified for the study and sensors deployed. A sensor agnostic platform for visualising real-time building performance data was developed.

Findings
Data sources from both sensor data and qualitative questionnaire were analysed and a matrix of elements affecting building performance in areas such as energy use, comfort use, integration with technology was presented. In addition, a prototype sensor visualisation platform was designed to connect in-use performance data to BIM.

Originality/value
This work presents initial findings from a post occupancy evaluation utilising sensor data. The work attempts to address the issues of BIM in-use scenarios for housing sector. A prototype was developed which can be fully developed and replicated to wider housing projects. The findings can better address how indoor thermal comfort parameters can be used to improve housing stock and even address elements such as machine learning for better buildings.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Smart Buildings, Sensor Data, Building Performance, BIM for Facilities Management
Subjects: K200 Building
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2019 12:33
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2019 10:47
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40213

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