Spatially Continuous Characterization of Forest Canopy Structure and Subcanopy Irradiance Derived from Handheld Radiometer Surveys

Mazzotti, Giulia, Malle, Johanna, Barr, Sarah and Jonas, Tobias (2019) Spatially Continuous Characterization of Forest Canopy Structure and Subcanopy Irradiance Derived from Handheld Radiometer Surveys. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 20 (7). pp. 1417-1433. ISSN 1525-755X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-18-0158.1

Abstract

Small-scale variations in radiative transfer through forest canopies are strongly linked to canopy structural heterogeneity. To date, upscaling of radiative transfer parameterizations developed at the point scale is hampered by (i) poor representation of canopy structure variability and (ii) limited spatially explicit subcanopy irradiance data to assess the performance of radiative transfer schemes at typical resolutions of land surface models. This study presents a novel approach for efficient in situ characterization of canopy structure and subcanopy irradiance over large spatial extents. The method involves a handheld radiometer assembly mounted on a motorized gimbal developed for nonstationary continuous measurements of shortwave and longwave radiation along forest transects. In combination with radiation and temperature data from a stationary reference station, spatially resolved estimates of sky-view fraction, canopy transmissivity, and longwave enhancement could be obtained. Under favorable meteorological conditions, validation against sky-view fraction data from hemispherical photographs yielded an RMSE of 0.03 (i.e., 3%). Irradiance measurements under heterogeneous canopy cover revealed strong spatial coherence between longwave radiation enhancement, shortwave radiation attenuation, and sky-view fraction on overcast days. Under clear-sky conditions, however, sun flecks caused highly variable shortwave radiation transmissivity patterns. This study demonstrates the potential of handheld radiometer surveys to deliver valuable spatially distributed datasets of collocated canopy structure and subcanopy irradiance which can be used (i) as reference data for alternative approaches to derive canopy structure parameters, (ii) to improve modeling of subcanopy radiation across a wide range of canopy distributions, and (iii) to support respective model upscaling efforts.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2019 American Meteorological Society. For information regarding reuse of this content and general copyright information, consult the AMS Copyright Policy (www.ametsoc.org/PUBSReuseLicenses). Supplemental information related to this paper is available at the Journals Online website: https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-18-0158.s1.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forest canopy; Longwave radiation; Shortwave radiation; Snow cover; Instrumentation/sensors; Land surface model
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2019 10:03
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 10:16
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40237

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