Logics Hindering Digital Transformation in Cultural Heritage Strategic Management: An Exploratory Case Study

De Bernardi, Paola, Bertello, Alberto and Shams, Riad (2019) Logics Hindering Digital Transformation in Cultural Heritage Strategic Management: An Exploratory Case Study. Tourism Analysis, 24 (3). pp. 315-327. ISSN 1083-5423

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3727/108354219X15511864843876

Abstract

Museums play an important role in tourist flows, especially in cities that are famous for their cultural heritage. To valorize their role, these cultural institutions should open themselves to visitors as vectors of social, educational, and entertainment values. In particular, museums need to reinvent how they transmit information about their collections and how they engage visitors, keeping in mind the opportunities triggered by digitalization. Digital technologies could in fact be a powerful tool to assist in adopting a visitor-oriented approach and to stimulate a two-way communication. This article aims to analyze the extent of digitalization that should be integrated in museums' communication strategies, and to recognize the logics hindering digital transformation in cultural heritage strategic management. We developed an exploratory case study, focused on museums in Turin, Italy, gathering online data through institutional reports, museum websites, and social media, as well as onsite data mainly from semistructured interviews with museum managers. The research shows that most of the interviewees understand the strategic role of digitalization for museum development; however, the level of digital readiness remains low. Alongside the well-known systemic financial deficit of cultural institutions, there are other critical factors that hinder the integration of digitalization processes in the cultural heritage management. Common barriers include the presence of institutional pressures, and the lack of organizational and managerial coordination between different departments and functions that should be involved in the development of digital strategies and their integration in the strategic planning systems of museums. This research offers insights to tackle these challenges, allowing museums to compete in the international context of the cultural and heritage tourism.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright © 2019 Cognizant, LLC.
Uncontrolled Keywords: cultural strategic management, cultural tourism, digital strategy, museum digitalization, organizational transformation
Subjects: N200 Management studies
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School > Business and Management
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2019 17:13
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 12:49
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40301

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