Affective and Enjoyment Responses to 12 weeks of High Intensity Interval Training and Moderate Continuous Training in Adults with Crohn’s Disease

Bottoms, Lindsay, Leighton, Dean, Carpenter, Roger, Anderson, Simon, Langmead, Louise, Ramage, John, Faulkner, James, Coleman, Elizabeth, Fairhurst, Caroline, Seed, Michael and Tew, Garry (2019) Affective and Enjoyment Responses to 12 weeks of High Intensity Interval Training and Moderate Continuous Training in Adults with Crohn’s Disease. PLoS ONE, 14 (9). e0222060. ISSN 1932-6203

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222060

Abstract

The aim was to undertake secondary data analysis from a three-arm randomised feasibility trial of high intensity interval training (HIIT), moderate intensity continuous training (MICT), and usual care control in adults with Crohn’s disease (CD; n=36), with a primary focus on exploring affective and enjoyment responses. Twenty-five participants with quiescent or mildly-active CD were randomised to one of the two exercise groups: HIIT (n=13) and MICT (n=12). Both groups were offered thrice-weekly sessions for 12 weeks. MICT consisted of cycling for 30 minutes at 35% peak power (Wpeak), whereas HIIT involved ten 1-minute bouts at 90% Wpeak, interspersed with 1-minute bouts at 15% Wpeak. Heart rate (HR), differentiated ratings of perceived exertion for legs (RPE-L) and central (RPE-C), along with feeling state (Feeling Scale; FS) were measured at 92.5% of each session. Enjoyment was measured at the end of training using the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES). Post-hoc exploratory analysis involved a mixed-model two-way ANOVA to compare HR, RPE-L, RPE-C and FS for the exercise sessions in weeks 1, 6 and 12 between groups. Overall, HR was greater (p < 0.01) during HIIT (173 ± 8 bpm) compared with MICT (128 ± 6 bpm). Similarly, RPE-L and RPE-C responses were greater overall (p = 0.03 and p = 0.03, respectively) during HIIT (5.5 ± 1.6 and 5.1 ± 1.7, respectively) compared to MICT (3.3 ± 1.5 and 2.9 ± 1.5, respectively). Overall, FS was 2.2 ± 1.9 for HIIT and 2.1 ± 1.4 for MICT with no effect of treatment group (p = 0.25) or time (p = 0.94). There was also no significant difference in PACES scores between HIIT (99.4 ± 12.9) and MICT (101.3 ± 17.4; p = 0.78). The findings suggest HIIT and MICT protocols elicited similar enjoyment and affect in adults with quiescent or mildly-active CD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2019 11:33
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 13:33
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40449

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