A blueprint of state-of-the-art techniques for detecting quasi-periodic pulsations in solar and stellar flares

Broomhall, Anne-Marie, Davenport, James, Hayes, Laura, Inglis, Andrew, Kolotkov, Dmitri, McLaughlin, James, Mehta, Tishtrya, Nakariakov, Valery, Notsu, Yuta, Pascoe, David, Pugh, Chloe and Van Doorsselaere, Tom (2019) A blueprint of state-of-the-art techniques for detecting quasi-periodic pulsations in solar and stellar flares. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 244 (2). p. 44. ISSN 0067-0049

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4365/ab40b3

Abstract

Quasi-periodic pulsations (QPPs) appear to be a common feature observed in the light curves of both solar and stellar ares. However, their quasi-periodic nature, along with the facts that they can be small in amplitude and short-lived, make QPPs difficult to unequivocally detect. In this paper, we test the strengths and limitations of state-of-the-art methods for detecting QPPs using a series of hare-and-hounds exercises. The hare simulated a set of ares, both with and without QPPs of a variety of forms, while the hounds attempted to detect QPPs in blind tests. We use the results of these exercises to create a blueprint for anyone who wishes to detect QPPs in real solar and stellar data. We present eight, clear recommendations to be kept in mind for future QPP detections, with the plethora of solar and stellar are data from new and future satellites. These recommendations address the key pitfalls in QPP detection, including detrending, trimming data, accounting for coloured noise, detecting stationary-period QPPs, detecting QPP with non-stationary periods, and ensuring detections are robust and false detections are minimized. We find that QPPs can be detected reliably and robustly by a variety of methods, which are clearly identied and described, if the appropriate care and due diligence is taken.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: methods: data analysis, methods: statistical, stars: flare, Sun: flares
Subjects: F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 12:59
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2019 17:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40514

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