Intercalation process and rubber–filler interactions of polybutadiene rubber/organoclay nanocomposites

Wan, Chaoying, Dong, Wei, Zhang, Yinxi and Zhang, Yong (2007) Intercalation process and rubber–filler interactions of polybutadiene rubber/organoclay nanocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 107 (1). pp. 650-657. ISSN 0021-8995

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/app.27131

Abstract

The intercalation process and microstructural development of polybutadiene rubber (BR)/clay nanocomposites cured with sulfur were systematically investigated with respect to the organic modifier (primary and quaternary ammonium compounds) of the clay. X-ray diffraction spectra were recorded at various stages of processing to obtain information about the intercalation process. The rubber–filler interactions was examined on the basis of the surface free energy, stress-softening effect, and crystallization behavior. A well-ordered intercalated structure was obtained in the primary ammonium modified clay (POMMT) and quaternary ammonium modified clay (QOMMT) filled with BR composite. The BR/Q-OMMT composites showed higher mechanical properties and higher hysteresis under tension and lower crystallization abilities than the BR/P-OMMT composites. The results also show that higher interfacial interactions existed between QOMMT and BR than between P-OMMT and BR.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fillers, nanolayers, nanotechnology, polybutadiene
Subjects: H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2011 09:35
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 08:54
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/4056

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