Full-scale fire resistance tests of steel and plasterboard sheathed web-stiffened stud walls

Dias, Yomal, Mahendran, Mahen and Poologanathan, Keerthan (2019) Full-scale fire resistance tests of steel and plasterboard sheathed web-stiffened stud walls. Thin-Walled Structures, 137. pp. 81-93. ISSN 0263-8231

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2018.12.027

Abstract

Light gauge steel-framed (LSF) walls, commonly made with lipped channel studs and gypsum plasterboard sheathing, are increasingly being used in low to mid-rise buildings. Improvements have been made with respect to fire, wind/seismic and energy performance of LSF walls with the use of improved stud sections, wall configurations, different sheathing members, and insulation materials. Although the provision of sheet steel as sheathing has been found to improve the in-plane shear capacity of LSF walls, its effects on the fire performance of load bearing walls remain unknown. Three full-scale ISO 834 standard fire tests were conducted in this study to investigate the fire performance of axially loaded gypsum plasterboard and steel sheathed LSF walls made with web-stiffened studs. The results revealed that compared to the commonly used lipped channel stud, the web-stiffened stud is capable of withstanding a 57% greater axial compression load, yet yield the same fire resistance level (FRL), when sheathed only with two layers of gypsum plasterboard. Under the selected load ratio, the addition of steel sheathing caused only marginal improvements in the stud temperature development, resulting in minor improvements to the FRL of load bearing walls. However, the axial load bearing capacity improvement caused by the inclusion of steel sheathing allowed the web-stiffened stud to withstand a 10% greater axial compression load compared to the plasterboard only wall.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cold-formed steel structures, Standard fire tests, Load bearing walls, Web-stiffened stud, Steel sheathing, Fire resistance level
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2019 15:37
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 15:04
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40733

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