The effects of numerical resolution, heating timescales and background heating on thermal non-equilibrium in coronal loops

Johnston, C. D., Cargill, P. J., Antolin, Patrick, Hood, A. W., De Moortel, I. and Bradshaw, S. J. (2019) The effects of numerical resolution, heating timescales and background heating on thermal non-equilibrium in coronal loops. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 625. A149. ISSN 0004-6361

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201834742

Abstract

Thermal non-equilibrium (TNE) is believed to be a potentially important process in understanding some properties of the magnetically closed solar corona. Through one-dimensional hydrodynamic models, this paper addresses the importance of the numerical spatial resolution, footpoint heating timescales and background heating on TNE. Inadequate transition region (TR) resolution can lead to significant discrepancies in TNE cycle behaviour, with TNE being suppressed in under-resolved loops. A convergence on the periodicity and plasma properties associated with TNE required spatial resolutions of less than 2 km for a loop of length 180 Mm. These numerical problems can be resolved using an approximate method that models the TR as a discontinuity using a jump condition, as proposed by Johnston et al. (2017a, A&A, 597, A81; 2017b, A&A, 605, A8). The resolution requirements (and so computational cost) are greatly reduced while retaining good agreement with fully resolved results. Using this approximate method we (i) identify different regimes for the response of coronal loops to time-dependent footpoint heating including one where TNE does not arise and (ii) demonstrate that TNE in a loop with footpoint heating is suppressed unless the background heating is sufficiently small. The implications for the generality of TNE are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sun: corona, Sun: magnetic fields, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), hydrodynamics, Sun: transition region, Sun: oscillations
Subjects: F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2019 09:14
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2019 09:16
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41106

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