Nonshared Environmental Influences on Sleep Quality: A Study of Monozygotic Twin Differences

Barclay, Nicola, Eley, Thalia, Buysse, Daniel, Maughan, Barbara and Gregory, Alice (2012) Nonshared Environmental Influences on Sleep Quality: A Study of Monozygotic Twin Differences. Behavior Genetics, 42 (2). pp. 234-244. ISSN 0001-8244

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10519-011-9510-1

Abstract

Research has consistently demonstrated that environmental influences are important for explaining the variability in sleep quality observed in the general population. Although there is substantial evidence assessing associations between sleep quality and a host of environmental variables, it is possible that their effects are mediated by genetic influence. A monozygotic twin differences design was used to assess the specific contribution of nonshared environmental influences on sleep quality, whilst controlling for genetic and shared environmental effects in a sample of 380 monozygotic twins (mean age 19.8 years, SD = 1.26, range = 18–22 years). Participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and questionnaires assessing several candidate “environmental” measures. When controlling for genetic and shared environmental effects, within monozygotic twin-pair differences in sleep quality were associated with within monozygotic twin-pair differences in general health for males (β = 1.56, p < 0.001) and relationship satisfaction for females (β = 1.01, p < 0.05). For the remaining environmental measures the results suggest that these seemingly “environmental” influences are actually in part dependent on genetics and/or the shared environment. These findings give insight into how specific environments affect sleep and the possible mechanisms behind these associations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Genetics, gene–environment correlation, monozygotic, nonshared environment, sleep, twins
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2011 11:55
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:36
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/4225

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence