Coping with dating errors in causality estimation

Smirnov, D. A., Marwan, N., Breitenbach, Sebastian, Lechleitner, F. and Kurths, J. (2017) Coping with dating errors in causality estimation. Europhysics Letters, 117 (1). p. 10004. ISSN 0295-5075

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/117/10004

Abstract

We consider the problem of estimating causal influences between observed processes from time series possibly corrupted by errors in the time variable (dating errors) which are typical in palaeoclimatology, planetary science and astrophysics. "Causality ratio" based on the Wiener-Granger causality is proposed and studied for a paradigmatic class of model systems to reveal conditions under which it correctly indicates directionality of unidirectional coupling. It is argued that in the case of a priori known directionality, the causality ratio allows a characterization of dating errors and observational noise. Finally, we apply the developed approach to palaeoclimatic data and quantify the influence of solar activity on tropical Atlantic climate dynamics over the last two millennia. A stronger solar influence in the first millennium A.D. is inferred. The results also suggest a dating error of about 20 years in the solar proxy time series over the same period.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2020 14:39
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2020 14:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42397

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