Investigation of Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence from a Donor–Acceptor Compound with Time-Resolved Fluorescence and Density Functional Theory Applying an Optimally Tuned Range-Separated Hybrid Functional

Scholz, Reinhard, Kleine, Paul, Lygaitis, Ramunas, Popp, Ludwig, Lenk, Simone, Etherington, Marc, Monkman, Andrew P. and Reineke, Sebastian (2020) Investigation of Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence from a Donor–Acceptor Compound with Time-Resolved Fluorescence and Density Functional Theory Applying an Optimally Tuned Range-Separated Hybrid Functional. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 124 (8). pp. 1535-1553. ISSN 1089-5639

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Scholz_2019_JPC_InvestigationofTADFFromaDonor_AcceptorCompoundWithTime_ResolvedFluorescenceandDFTApplyinganOptimallyTunedRange_SeparatedHybridFunctional.pdf - Accepted Version
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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.9b11083

Abstract

Emitters showing thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) in electroluminescent devices rely on efficient reverse intersystem crossing (rISC) arising from small thermal activation barriers between the lowest excited triplet and singlet manifolds. A small donor–acceptor compound consisting of a demethylacridine donor and a methylbenzoate acceptor group is used as a model TADF emitter. The spectroscopic signatures of this system are characterized using a combination of photoluminescence and photoluminescence excitation, and the photoluminescence decay dynamics are recorded between delays of 2 ns and 20 ms. Above T = 200 K, our data provide convincing evidence for TADF at intermediate delays in the microsecond range, whereas triplet–triplet annihilation and slow triplet decay at later times can be observed over the entire temperature range from T = 80 K to room temperature. Moreover, close to room temperature, we find a second and faster up-conversion mechanism, tentatively assigned to reverse internal conversion between different triplet configurations. An interpretation of these experimental findings requires a calculation of the deformation patterns and potential minima of several electronic configurations. This task is performed with a range-separated hybrid functional, outperforming standard density functionals or global hybrids. In particular, the systematic underestimation of the energy of charge transfer (CT) states with respect to local excitations within the constituting chromophores is replaced by more reliable transition energies for both kinds of excitations. Hence, several absorption and emission features can be assigned unambiguously, and the observed activation barriers for rISC and reverse internal conversion correspond to calculated energy differences between the potential surfaces in different electronic configurations.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The Supporting Information is available free of charge at https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpca.9b11083.
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F300 Physics
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2020 10:17
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 10:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42461

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