A business frame perspective on why perceptions of top management's bottom‐line mentality result in employees’ good and bad behaviors

Babalola, Mayowa T., Greenbaum, Rebecca L., Amarnani, Rajiv K., Shoss, Mindy K., Deng, Yingli, Garba, Omale and Guo, Liang (2020) A business frame perspective on why perceptions of top management's bottom‐line mentality result in employees’ good and bad behaviors. Personnel Psychology, 73 (1). pp. 19-41. ISSN 0031-5826

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/peps.12355

Abstract

Emerging research suggests that bottom‐line mentalities (BLMs) (i.e., a sole focus on bottom‐line outcomes to the exclusion of other considerations) can have dysfunctional consequences within the workplace. However, research has yet to consider how and why BLMs may result in both beneficial and dysfunctional organizational outcomes. In the present research, we examine employees’ perceptions of top management's BLM as a type of business frame that results in two cognitive states. Under the influence of this business frame, employees may adopt a mental preoccupation with work (i.e., a state of ongoing work‐related cognitions) that propels beneficial employee outcomes by reducing customer incivility and enhancing customer service performance. Yet, also in response to top management's high BLM as a business frame, employees may adopt self‐interest cognitions (i.e., a cognitive state of self‐interest) that instigate customer‐directed unethical conduct. Across two field studies, we found general support for our hypotheses. Taken together, our findings suggest that perceptions of top management's high BLM can be a mixed blessing in that it may drive employees to adopt focused work efforts (mental preoccupation with work), but also self‐interest cognitions, with each cognitive state predicting beneficial or dysfunctional behaviors. We discuss the implications of these findings and directions for future research.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bottom-line mentality, customer-oriented outcomes, mental preoccupation with work, self-interest cognitions
Subjects: N100 Business studies
N200 Management studies
N900 Others in Business and Administrative studies
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School > Business and Management
Depositing User: Rachel Branson
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2020 12:16
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2020 12:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42570

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