Gene-Regulatory Activity of α-Tocopherol

Rimbach, Gerald, Moehring, Jennifer, Huebbe, Patricia and Lodge, John (2010) Gene-Regulatory Activity of α-Tocopherol. Molecules, 15 (3). pp. 1746-1761. ISSN 1420-3049

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules15031746

Abstract

Vitamin E is an essential vitamin and a lipid soluble antioxidant, at least, under in vitro conditions. The antioxidant properties of vitamin E are exerted through its phenolic hydroxyl group, which donates hydrogen to peroxyl radicals, resulting in the formation of stable lipid species. Beside an antioxidant role, important cell signalling properties of vitamin E have been described. By using gene chip technology we have identified α-tocopherol sensitive molecular targets in vivo including christmas factor (involved in the blood coagulation) and 5α-steroid reductase type 1 (catalyzes the conversion of testosterone to 5α-dihydrotestosterone) being upregulated and γ-glutamyl-cysteinyl synthetase (the rate limiting enzyme in GSH synthesis) being downregulated due to a-tocopherol deficiency. α-Tocopherol regulates signal transduction cascades not only at the mRNA but also at the miRNA level since miRNA 122a (involved in lipid metabolism) and miRNA 125b (involved in inflammation) are downregulated by α-tocopherol. Genetic polymorphisms may determine the biological and gene-regulatory activity of a-tocopherol. In this context we have recently shown that genes encoding for proteins involved in peripheral α-tocopherol transport and degradation are significantly affected by the apoE genotype.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: vitamin E, alpha-tocopherol, antioxidant, gene expression
Subjects: C100 Biology
C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2011 11:37
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2017 09:36
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/4268

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