Resolution of a shock in hyperbolic systems modified by weak dispersion

El, Gennady (2005) Resolution of a shock in hyperbolic systems modified by weak dispersion. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 15 (3). 037103. ISSN 1054-1500

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1947120

Abstract

We present a way to deal with dispersion-dominated “shock-type” transition in the absence of completely integrable structure for the systems that one may characterize as strictly hyperbolic regularized by a small amount of dispersion. The analysis is performed by assuming that the dispersive shock transition between two different constant states can be modeled by an expansion fan solution of the associated modulation (Whitham) system for the short-wavelength nonlinear oscillations in the transition region (the so-called Gurevich-Pitaevskii problem). We consider both single-wave and bidirectional systems. The main mathematical assumption is that of hyperbolicity of the Whitham system for the solutions of our interest. By using general properties of the Whitham averaging for a certain class of nonlinear dispersive systems and specific features of the Cauchy data prescription on characteristics we derive a set of transition conditions for the dispersive shock, actually bypassing full integration of the modulation equations. Along with the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) and modified KdV (mKdV) equations as model examples, we consider a nonintegrable system describing fully nonlinear ion-acoustic waves in collisionless plasma. In all cases our transition conditions are in complete agreement with previous analytical and numerical results.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2020 11:01
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2020 11:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/42801

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