Introduction: Crossing Companies

Gottmann, Felicia and Stern, Philip (2020) Introduction: Crossing Companies. Journal of World History, 31 (3). ISSN 1045-6007 (In Press)

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Abstract

Against the prevailing view of the smaller, “‘interloping”’ East India companies as either national instruments of imperial expansion or mere covers for foreign enterprise, this article demonstrates that they were genuinely transnational operations with strong links to the state. Such transnationalism made it possible for small Central and Eastern European enterprises to engage in early modern globalisation globalization processes alongside the larger chartered companies of Europe’s “‘Atlantic façade.”’. Focussing on Prussia’s Emden Companies, this article evaluates the challenges and opportunities of such a transnational institutional set-up. Using Flemish, German, British, French, and American archives it evaluates the roles of state-intervention, international relations, selection, and enforcement problems to demonstrate that the development of commercial capitalism was a transnational and trans-imperial phenomenon. It thus reinforces the argument that European economic and imperial expansions were not purely market-driven and national processes but transnational phenomena that relied on private transnational networks as much as on state and state-like institutions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chartered corporations, East India companies, early modern, global history, transnational history.
Subjects: V100 History by period
V200 History by area
V300 History by topic
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Humanities
Related URLs:
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 12 May 2020 08:21
Last Modified: 12 May 2020 14:01
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43071

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