Localisation of Sensor Nodes with Hybrid Measurements in Wireless Sensor Networks

Khan, Muhammad Waqas, Salman, Naveed, Kemp, Andrew and Mihaylova, Lyudmila (2016) Localisation of Sensor Nodes with Hybrid Measurements in Wireless Sensor Networks. Sensors, 16 (7). p. 1143. ISSN 1424-8220

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/s16071143

Abstract

Localisation in wireless networks faces challenges such as high levels of signal attenuation and unknown path-loss exponents, especially in urban environments. In response to these challenges, this paper proposes solutions to localisation problems in noisy environments. A new observation model for localisation of static nodes is developed based on hybrid measurements, namely angle of arrival and received signal strength data. An approach for localisation of sensor nodes is proposed as a weighted linear least squares algorithm. The unknown path-loss exponent associated with the received signal strength is estimated jointly with the coordinates of the sensor nodes via the generalised pattern search method. The algorithm’s performance validation is conducted both theoretically and by simulation. A theoretical mean square error expression is derived, followed by the derivation of the linear Cramer-Rao bound which serves as a benchmark for the proposed location estimators. Accurate results are demonstrated with 25%–30% improvement in estimation accuracy with a weighted linear least squares algorithm as compared to linear least squares solution.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hybrid localisation; received signal strength; angle of arrival; generalised pattern search
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 14 May 2020 13:49
Last Modified: 14 May 2020 14:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43139

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