Rank Order Coding: a Retinal Information Decoding Strategy Revealed by Large-Scale Multielectrode Array Retinal Recordings

Portelli, Geoffrey, Barrett, John M., Hilgen, Gerrit, Masquelier, Timothée, Maccione, Alessandro, Di Marco, Stefano, Berdondini, Luca, Kornprobst, Pierre and Sernagor, Evelyne (2016) Rank Order Coding: a Retinal Information Decoding Strategy Revealed by Large-Scale Multielectrode Array Retinal Recordings. eneuro, 3 (3). ENEURO.0134-15.2016. ISSN 2373-2822

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1523/ENEURO.0134-15.2016

Abstract

How a population of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) encodes the visual scene remains an open question. Going beyond individual RGC coding strategies, results in salamander suggest that the relative latencies of a RGC pair encode spatial information. Thus, a population code based on this concerted spiking could be a powerful mechanism to transmit visual information rapidly and efficiently. Here, we tested this hypothesis in mouse by recording simultaneous light-evoked responses from hundreds of RGCs, at pan-retinal level, using a new generation of largescale, high-density multielectrode array consisting of 4096 electrodes. Interestingly, we did not find any RGCs exhibiting a clear latency tuning to the stimuli, suggesting that in mouse, individual RGC pairs may not provide sufficient information. We show that a significant amount of information is encoded synergistically in the concerted spiking of large RGC populations. Thus, the RGC population response described with relative activities, or ranks, provides more relevant information than classical independent spike count- or latency-based codes. In particular, we report for the first time that when considering the relative activities across the whole population, the wave of first stimulus-evoked spikes is an accurate indicator of stimulus content. We show that this coding strategy coexists with classical neural codes, and that it is more efficient and faster. Overall, these novel observations suggest that already at the level of the retina, concerted spiking provides a reliable and fast strategy to rapidly transmit new visual scenes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ganglion cells; multielectrode array; population coding; rank order coding; retina
Subjects: B500 Ophthalmics
C100 Biology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: John Coen
Date Deposited: 15 May 2020 08:25
Last Modified: 15 May 2020 08:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/43142

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