The diagnostic utility of executive function assessments in the identification of ADHD in children

Holmes, Joni, Gathercole, Susan, Place, Maurice, Alloway, Tracy, Elliott, Julian and Hilton, Kerry (2010) The diagnostic utility of executive function assessments in the identification of ADHD in children. Child and adolescent mental health, 15 (1). pp. 37-43. ISSN 1475-357X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-3588.2009.00536.x

Abstract

Deficits in executive functions have been widely reported to characterise individuals with ADHD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of a range of executive function measures for identifying children with ADHD. Method: Eighty-three children with ADHD and 50 normally-developing children without ADHD were assessed on measures of inhibition, set-shifting, planning, problem-solving, response inhibition, sustained attention and working memory. Measures of sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios and diagnostic odds ratios were calculated. Results: Executive function tasks effectively discriminated between children with and without ADHD. Measures of response inhibition and working memory contributed the most to the discriminant function. Conclusions: Cognitive measures of executive function can be used to help identify children with ADHD and could be useful as additional diagnostic tools for clinical practitioners.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD, working memory, executive function, diagnosis
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2010 11:00
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:42
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/444

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