Evaluation of a new chromogenic medium, Uriselect 4, for the isolation and identification of urinary tract pathogens

Perry, John, Appleby, Martin, Butterworth, Lynne and Nicholson, Audrey (2003) Evaluation of a new chromogenic medium, Uriselect 4, for the isolation and identification of urinary tract pathogens. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 56 (7). pp. 528-531. ISSN 0021-9746

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jcp.56.7.528

Abstract

Aims: To compare the performance of a new chromogenic medium, Uriselect 4, with cystine lactose electrolyte deficient (CLED) agar and an established chromogenic agar, CPS ID 2 medium, for detection of urinary tract pathogens.

Methods: Using a semiquantitative culture method, 777 samples were inoculated on to the three test media in duplicate. All bacterial strains that yielded a potentially significant growth were observed for colony colour and identified using standard methods.

Results: Of the 777 samples tested, 589 urine samples yielded potentially significant growth of at least one strain. A total of 811 strains were isolated on at least one of the three media. A total of 168 urine samples yielded a mixture of at least two strains. Uriselect 4 medium showed the best sensitivity of the three media and only failed to recover 14 strains (1.7%). CPS ID 2 medium failed to recover 22 strains (2.7%). CLED medium showed the worst recovery and failed to recover 74 strains (9.1%). Both chromogenic media allowed for identification of Escherichia coli with a high degree of specificity (98% for Uriselect 4, 99.7% for CPS ID 2). Inclusion of a spot indole test increased the specificity of both chromogenic media to 100% for E coli.

Conclusions: Uriselect 4 and CPS ID 2 were superior to CLED medium for the isolation of urinary tract pathogens mainly because of their ability to discriminate mixed cultures. Both chromogenic media were also useful for the preliminary identification of the most common urinary tract pathogens.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2009 15:15
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/465

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