Spreading ripples: SNCC and social capital in the civil rights era South

Street, Joe (2012) Spreading ripples: SNCC and social capital in the civil rights era South. European Journal of American Culture, 30 (3). pp. 195-215. ISSN 1466-0407

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/ejac.30.3.195_1

Abstract

This article applies Robert Putnam's conception of social capital to the history of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in Mississippi during the 1960s. It challenges Putnam's privileging of bridging social capital at the expense of bonding social capital, arguing that such a binary interpretation fails to appreciate the extent to which bonding and bridging forms of social capital can work to reinforce each other. Putnam's inattention to the value of bonding social capital (particularly in the rigidly segregated South) means that he overestimates the importance of integration to grass-roots activism in the civil rights movement. The article emphasizes the fostering of intergenerational and inter-class links between activists and local people in the Mississippian African American community. It argues that SNCC's 1964 Mississippi Summer Project bequeathed a framework for African American political action in the state, even though the Project contributed to the demise of SNCC itself. Through this approach, it reveals the vast differences in the organizing style of the movement at a local and a national level, suggesting that the concept of social capital needs to be wielded with greater subtlety if it is to be used to analyse the civil rights movement.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: social capital, civil rights movement, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Mississippi, Robert Putnam, race
Subjects: V100 History by period
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Humanities
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2012 19:50
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:07
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/4692

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