Risk Assessment, Policy-Making and the Limits of Knowledge: The Precautionary Principle and International Relations

McLean, Craig, Patterson, Alan and Williams, John (2009) Risk Assessment, Policy-Making and the Limits of Knowledge: The Precautionary Principle and International Relations. International Relations, 23 (4). pp. 548-566. ISSN 0047-1178

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0047117809348704

Abstract

This paper looks at the way in which the idea of the Precautionary Principle, increasingly influential in environmental and other policy areas, is being and might be used in foreign and security policy. It aims to contrast the relative precision with which the term is used in the environmental arena with the current usage in international relations. Contrasting the Precautionary Principle with ideas of precaution, prevention, pre-emption and similar terms in post-structuralist analyses of risk, humanitarian intervention and US foreign policy in the aftermath of 11 September 2001, the paper identifies costs and benefits in deploying a more carefully specified account of the Precautionary Principle. In particular, it highlights key issues of regulatory authority and the way in which policy-makers and analysts understand and respond to the limits of knowledge and knowledge systems as important challenges to which careful use of the Precautionary Principle can potentially contribute. The paper concludes by suggesting that both policy-making and policy analysis could potentially be improved by adapting and extending the idea of the Precautionary Principle as it is deployed in other policy arenas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: governmentality, hazard, Iraq War, Just War, precaution, Precautionary Principle, risk security
Subjects: L200 Politics
L300 Sociology
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Social Sciences & Languages
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2012 18:49
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:13
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/4731

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