Passive water control at the surface of a superhydrophobic lichen

Hamlett, Christopher, Shirtcliffe, Neil, Pyatt, F. Brian, Newton, Michael, McHale, Glen and Koch, Kerstin (2011) Passive water control at the surface of a superhydrophobic lichen. Planta, 234 (6). pp. 1267-1274. ISSN 0032-0935

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00425-011-1475-z

Abstract

Some lichens have a super-hydrophobic upper surface, which repels water drops, keeping the surface dry but probably preventing water uptake. Spore ejection requires water and is most efficient just after rainfall. This study was carried out to investigate how super-hydrophobic lichens manage water uptake and repellence at their fruiting bodies, or podetia. Drops of water were placed onto separate podetia of Cladonia chlorophaea and observed using optical microscopy and cryo-scanning-electron microscopy (cryo-SEM) techniques to determine the structure of podetia and to visualise their interaction with water droplets. SEM and optical microscopy studies revealed that the surface of the podetia was constructed in a three-level structural hierarchy. By cryo-SEM of water-glycerol droplets placed on the upper part of the podetium, pinning of the droplet to specific, hydrophilic spots (pycnidia/apothecia) was observed. The results suggest a mechanism for water uptake, which is highly sophisticated, using surface wettability to generate a passive response to different types of precipitation in a manner similar to the Namib Desert beetle. This mechanism is likely to be found in other organisms as it offers passive but selective water control.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: apothecium, Cryo-SEM, lichens, soredium, super-hydrophobicity, water uptake
Subjects: C100 Biology
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2012 15:40
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2017 04:38
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/5207

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