Croton Megalocarpus (Musine) seeds as a potential source of bio-diesel

Aliyu, Bashir, Agnew, Brian and Shitanda, Douglas (2010) Croton Megalocarpus (Musine) seeds as a potential source of bio-diesel. Biomass & Bioenergy, 34 (10). pp. 1495-1499. ISSN 0961-9534

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2010.04.026

Abstract

This work provides details of an activity undertaken to determine the relevant properties of Croton megalocarpus seeds as a source of vegetable oil and its prospects as a non-food crop source of biodiesel. C. megalocarpus is a tree indigenous to East Africa which grows up to a height of 35–40 m and produces seeds which contain 40–45% oil on a mass basis. The seeds were examined and properties determined that relate to their transport and storage/handling characteristics. Oil was extracted mechanically from the seeds using a hydraulic press and chemically from the pressing residue using petroleum ether. The combustion quality of the extracted crude vegetable oil such as the gross calorific value, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen content and ash content were then determined. This study indicates that the oil from the C. megalocarpus tree has a strong potential as a source of biodiesel.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biofuels, non food crops, SVO (Straight vegetable oil)
Subjects: H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Neil Tait
Date Deposited: 11 Apr 2012 10:32
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:23
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/6107

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