Effects of interventions aimed at changing the length of primary care physicians' consultation

Wilson, Andrew and Childs, Sue (2006) Effects of interventions aimed at changing the length of primary care physicians' consultation. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 1. ISSN 1464-780X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD003540.pub2

Abstract

Background
Observational studies have shown differences in process and outcome between the consultations of primary care physicians whose average consultation lengths differ. These differences may be due to self selection.
Objectives
To assess the effectiveness and efficiency of interventions to alter the length of primary care physicians' consultations.
Search strategy
The following electronic databases were searched: Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) Specialised Register (October 2002); CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library June 2003); MEDLINE (1966 to October 2002);EMBASE (1981 to October 2002); NHS National Research Register (June 2003). The search strategies combined subject terms for 'general practice', 'consultation' and 'length' with methodological filters. The register search and the Medline search were updated in August 2007.
Selection criteria
Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) of interventions to alter the length of primary care physicians' consultations.
Data collection and analysis
Data were extracted independently by two authors using agreed criteria. Disagreements were resolved by discussion. Where data were missing attempts were made to contact authors. Given the heterogeneity of studies meta-analysis was not attempted, and results are presented as a narrative summary.
Main results
Seven articles describing five UK trials met the inclusion criteria. All tested short term changes in the consultation time allocated to each patient and most had methodological weaknesses, particularly due to non-random allocation of patients. Altering appointment length resulted in modest changes in average length of consultation. There were no consistent differences in problem recognition, examination, prescribing, referral or investigation rates. There was some evidence that blood pressure was checked and smoking discussed more often when more time was available. None of the interventions were associated with differences in patient satisfaction. No trials examined efficiency. Authors' conclusions
The findings of this review do not provide sufficient evidence to support or resist a policy of altering the lengths of primary care physicians' consultations. Further trials are needed that focus on health outcomes and cost effectiveness.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Art. No.: CD003540 Output from project funded by RCGP. Conducted as a Cochrane EPOC (Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group) Review. Presented as conference paper at 34th Annual Scientific Meeting of the SAPC (Society for Academic Primary Care), Newcastle, 7- 8 July 2005.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physicians
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Health, Community and Education Studies > Healthcare
Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics and Information Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 07 May 2008 14:40
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:34
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/751

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