Assessing the obesogenic environment of North East England

Burgoine, Thomas, Alvanides, Seraphim and Lake, Amelia (2011) Assessing the obesogenic environment of North East England. Health & Place, 17 (3). pp. 738-747. ISSN 1353-8292

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.01.01...

Abstract

This study examines the influence of the environment (defined as ‘walkability’, food availability and deprivation), alongside individual factors, on body mass index (BMI) and fruit and vegetable consumption. The aim of this unique study was to objectively scrutinise the concept of the obesogenic environment in the North East of England. A set of theoretical obesogenic indices based on the availability of food to consume within and outside of the home, residential density, street connectivity and land use mix were created for North East England. A pooled sample of 893 individuals (aged 16+) over three years (2003, 2004, 2005) from the Health Survey for England (HSE) was isolated for further analysis and correlation with the obesogenic indices. Results suggest that few elements of both walkability and food availability are significantly associated with BMI and fruit and vegetable intake. Some methodological concerns are highlighted, such as the appropriateness of walkability calculations for rural areas. The study concludes by strongly recommending a multi-faceted approach be taken when trying to tackle current levels of obesity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: walkability, GIS, environmental equity, food environment
Subjects: B400 Nutrition
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2011 13:39
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:18
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/77

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