Child-stripping in the Victorian City

MacRaild, Don and Neal, Frank (2012) Child-stripping in the Victorian City. Urban History, 39 (3). pp. 431-452. ISSN 0963-9268

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0963926812000211

Abstract

During the nineteenth century, police, magistrates, reformers and the press noticed a rising tide of juvenile crime. Child-stripping, the crime of stealing young children's clothes by force or deception, was an activity of this type which caused alarm among contemporaries. As the century progressed, improved policing, urbanization and Irish migration, allied to growing social concern, caused more cases of child-stripping to be noticed. Accounts by Dickens, Mayhew and others characterized child-stripping as an activity indulged in by old women who were able to make money by victimizing the weakest strata of society. However, research in the British Library's digitized newspaper collections as well as in parliamentary papers conclusively demonstrates that child-stripping, far from being the domain of Dickensian crones, was actually perpetrated by older children, notably girls, against children even younger than themselves. Despite widespread revulsion, which at times approached a ‘moral panic’ prompted by the nature of the crime, progressive attitudes largely prevailed with most child-stripping children being sent to reformatories or industrial schools in the hope of reforming their behaviour. This article thus conforms with Foucauldian notions of the switch from physical to mental punishments and aligns with the Victorians’ invention of children as a category of humanity that could be saved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L900 Others in Social studies
V100 History by period
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > School of Arts and Social Sciences > Humanities
Depositing User: Helen Pattison
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2012 15:47
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2016 18:42
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/8080

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