Comparative genomics of Shiga toxin encoding bacteriophages

Smith, Darren, Rooks, David, Fogg, Paul, Darby, Alistair, Thomson, Nicholas, McCarthy, Alan and Allison, Heather (2012) Comparative genomics of Shiga toxin encoding bacteriophages. BMC Genomics, 13 (1). p. 311. ISSN 1471-2164

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-13-311

Abstract

Background
Stx bacteriophages are responsible for driving the dissemination of Stx toxin genes (stx) across their bacterial host range. Lysogens carrying Stx phages can cause severe, lifethreatening disease and Stx toxin is an integral virulence factor. The Stx-bacteriophage vB_EcoP-24B, commonly referred to as 24B, is capable of multiply infecting a single bacterial host cell at a high frequency, with secondary infection increasing the rate at which subsequent bacteriophage infections can occur. This is biologically unusual, therefore determining the genomic content and context of 24B compared to other lambdoid Stx phages is important to understanding the factors controlling this phenomenon and determining whether they occur in other Stx phages.

Results
The genome of the Stx2 encoding phage, 24B was sequenced and annotated. The genomic organisation and general features are similar to other sequenced Stx bacteriophages induced from Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), however 24B possesses significant regions of heterogeneity, with implications for phage biology and behaviour. The 24B genome was compared to other sequenced Stx phages and the archetypal lambdoid phage, lambda, using the Circos genome comparison tool and a PCR-based multi-loci comparison system.

Conclusions
The data support the hypothesis that Stx phages are mosaic, and recombination events between the host, phages and their remnants within the same infected bacterial cell will continue to drive the evolution of Stx phage variants and the subsequent dissemination of shigatoxigenic potential

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C100 Biology
C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Linda Barlow
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2012 14:03
Last Modified: 13 May 2017 16:56
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/8161

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