Acoustic determination of polymer molecular weights and rotation times

Melzak, Kathryn, Martin, Fabrice, Newton, Michael, McHale, Glen and Gizeli, Electra (2002) Acoustic determination of polymer molecular weights and rotation times. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, 40 (14). pp. 1490-1495. ISSN 0887-6266

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/polb.10206

Abstract

An acoustic waveguide device was shown to be sensitive to the molecular weight of poly(ethylene glycol) in solution over a molecular weight range determined by the operating frequency of the device. The acoustic device used generates a shear wave with displacement in the plane of the device surface and normal to the direction of propagation. Liquid over the device exhibits viscous coupling to the oscillating surface, affecting propagation of the acoustic wave. The propagation loss was shown to be directly proportional to the weight percentage of the solute. For a given weight percent of polymer in solution, the loss increased with increasing molecular weight until a maximum loss value was reached; this may be due to the fact that rotational times for polymer molecules increase with molecular weight until they reach a point at which the rotation is limited by the oscillation time on the device surface. The molecular weight at which the maximum loss value was attained was 10,000 g/mol for a device operating at 104 MHz and 3350 g/mol for a device operating at 331 MHz, implying a rotational time of 1 ns for each 2200 increase in molecular weight.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Love wave; sensor;acoustic wave
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F300 Physics
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Glen McHale
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2012 15:00
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2016 15:57
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/8356

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