Rocking disc electro-deposition of CuIn alloys, selenisation and pinhole effect minimisation in CISe solar absorber layers

Cummings, Charles, Zoppi, Guillaume, Forbes, Ian, Colombara, Diego, Peter, Laurence and Marken, Frank (2012) Rocking disc electro-deposition of CuIn alloys, selenisation and pinhole effect minimisation in CISe solar absorber layers. Electrochimica Acta, 79. pp. 141-147. ISSN 0013-4686

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.06.095

Abstract

The co-electrodeposition of copper and indium from a pH 3 tartrate bath onto 4.8 cm × 2.5 cm Mo and MoSe2 substrates is studied and conditions are optimised for CuIn alloy films. Selenisation at ca. 500 ◦C for 30 min in selenium vapour gives CuInSe2 (or CISe). Mapping using the photo-electrochemical reduction of Eu(NO3)3 is used to asses the relative photoactivity as a function of position and surface treatment. Etching of detrimental CuxSe phases is investigated with 5% and 0.5% (w/w) aqueous KCN. The slower 0.5% (w/w) KCN etch allows better process control, and re-annealing at 500 ◦C for 30 min followed by further etching significantly improved the photo-activity. However, over the large area local pinhole recombination effects are substantial. An alternative low temperature film optimisation method is proposed based on (i) KCN over-etch, (ii) hypochlorite (5%, w/w) pinhole removal (Mo etch), and (iii) a final KCN etch to give good and more uniform activity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Solar cell, CIS, copper indium diselenide, electrodeposition, photo-electro-chemistry, recombination, pinhole, etching, hypochlorite, voltammetry
Subjects: H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Sarah Howells
Date Deposited: 17 Aug 2012 09:48
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2015 12:50
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/8460

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