Optimal control of wind turbine using neural networks

Narayana, Mahinsasa and Putrus, Ghanim (2010) Optimal control of wind turbine using neural networks. In: Proceedings of the 45th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). IEEE, Piscataway, NJ, pp. 1-5. ISBN 978-1424476671

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Abstract

Variable-speed, fixed-pitch wind turbines are required to optimize power output performance without the aerodynamic controls. In steady-state, a wind turbine generator system is operated such that the optimum points of wind rotor curve and electrical generator curve coincide. In order to obtain maximum power output of a wind turbine generator system, it is necessary to drive the wind turbine at an optimal rotor speed for a particular wind speed. Therefore, accurate wind speed measurements are required for optimal operation of the wind turbine. In practice, it is difficult to accurately measure wind speed by an anemometer installed closed to the wind turbine, because the wind turbine experience different forces due to wake rotation. Therefore, it is useful to use a wind speed sensor less control strategy. In this study, a Nonlinear Autoregressive Moving Average (NARMA) neural network model is used to identify the combined performance of the wind rotor and generator. Wind speed sensorless optimum control strategy is introduced and comparison study is preformed with a controller that employs a wind speed sensor. According to the obtained results, proposed controller performs as good as to the controller that employed with wind sensor.

Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: Maximum Power Point Tracking; NARMA-L2 controller; Permanent-magnet generator; Variable-speed wind turbines
Subjects: H900 Others in Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Sarah Howells
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2012 10:40
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2016 12:39
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/8971

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