Antioxidant activity and protective effects of green and dark coffee components against human low density lipoprotein

Gómez-Ruiz, J. A., Ames, Jenny and Leake, David S. (2008) Antioxidant activity and protective effects of green and dark coffee components against human low density lipoprotein. European Food Research and Technology, 227 (4). pp. 1017-1024. ISSN 1438-2377

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00217-007-0815-5

Abstract

The in vitro antioxidant activity and the protective effect against human low density lipoprotein oxidation of coffees prepared using different degrees of roasting was evaluated. Coffees with the highest amount of brown pigments (dark coffee) showed the highest peroxyl radical scavenging activity. These coffees also protected human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) against oxidation, although green coffee extracts showed more protection. In a different experiment, coffee extracts were incubated with human plasma prior to isolation of LDL particles. This showed, for the first time, that incubation of plasma with dark, but not green coffee extracts protected the LDL against oxidation by copper or by the thermolabile azo compound AAPH. Antioxidants in the dark coffee extracts must therefore have become associated with the LDL particles. Brown compounds, especially those derived from the Maillard reaction, are the compounds most likely to be responsible for this activity.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
B400 Nutrition
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2010 10:43
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/971

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