Using Space Syntax to Trace the Japanese Urban Renovation from JYOKAMACHI to Modern Cities: What formed the city, the Centre or the Boundary?

Kigawa, Tsuyoshi and Seo, Kyung Wook (2009) Using Space Syntax to Trace the Japanese Urban Renovation from JYOKAMACHI to Modern Cities: What formed the city, the Centre or the Boundary? In: 7th International Space Syntax Symposium, 9th - 11th June 2009, Stockholm.

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Most of the spatial structures of Japanese major cities were founded as JYOKAMACHI, which means Japanese "castle town" built in pre-modern era. In contrast to castle towns in Europe and other Asian countries, the characteristics of JYOKAMACHI can be summarized in the nonexistence of city walls, and the distinct zoning based on the social level; SAMURAI (Warrior), merchants and the clergy class. Since the Meiji period (1868-1912), JYOKAMACHI had been remodelled under the strong influence of modernization, in an attempt to catch up with the western countries. Social renovation could be understood as the transformation in meaning of the castle, from centre of authority to a mere symbolic centre. And, the transition changed the spatial layouts in Japanese cities. The Meiji Restoration witnessed the discontinuation of the Federal Lord's prerogative and freedom with regard to the choice of residence, and they had leaded an exclusion of conventional boundaries. This paper aims to analyze the process how the castle cities had been reformed by means of Space Syntax. For the purpose, we investigated the process of urban modernization in several cities; Kyoto, Hikone, Fukui, and Otsu, which were founded as Jyokamachi. Firstly, we analyzed the forms in pre-modern era from historical map. And, we compared the zoning and the spatial configuration. Then, we examined the modernization process on the cities. By studying the JYOKAMACHI and the process of modernization, we could understand the starting point and the growth in the cities from past to today. From the comparison between the spatial
configuration and historical document, we found the difference among the cities. In the cases of HIKONE and FUKUI, in pre-modern, it had a tendency, which they had low permeability and, the KYOTO and Otsu had higher permeability. The reason could be presumed that former cities were based on 'Defensive castle town' and the latter were 'Commercial castle town'. Then, in the modernization process, the former two cities had difficulty to be reborn in modern cities, but the other two were smoothly transformed.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: spatial configuration; spatial morphology; urban growth; urban morphology; centre; Jyokamachi
Subjects: K400 Planning (Urban, Rural and Regional)
V300 History by topic
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2015 13:15
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2019 00:30

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