Smart aqueous reaction medium

Davies, Martin and Stringer, Estelle (2003) Smart aqueous reaction medium. Langmuir. ISSN 0743-7463

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Smart materials show a nonlinear response to a stimulus. In aqueous solution, the reactions between methyl p-tolyl sulfide and peroxomonosulfate or m-chloroperbenzoic acid show the expected linear dependence of the logarithm of the measured rate constant on the reciprocal temperature. This constitutes Arrhenius behavior. In the presence of 5 or 15 g L-1 of the thermoresponsive poloxamer, P104, H(OCH2CH2)27(OCH(CH3)CH2)61(OCH2CH2)27OH, which forms micelles as the temperature is increased, anti-Arrhenius behavior or hyper-Arrhenius behavior is observed. Anti-Arrhenius behavior occurs when the organic sulfide partitions into the thermally induced poloxamer micelles while the peroxomonosulfate anion remains in the bulk aqueous phase, causing a decrease in rate. Hyper-Arrhenius behavior occurs when both the organic sulfide and the m-chloroperbenzoic acid partition into the thermally induced micelles, causing a much greater increase in rate with temperature than in the absence of poloxomer. These two different types of smart behavior of aqueous P104 are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyethylene glycol, Surface active agents
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: EPrint Services
Date Deposited: 27 May 2008 15:34
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 17:29

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