Associations of self-reported physical activity and depression in 10,000 Irish adults across harmonised datasets: a DEDIPAC-study

Mc Dowell, Cillian P., Carlin, Angela, Capranica, Laura, Dillon, Christina, Harrington, Janas M., Lakerveld, Jeroen, Loyen, Anne, Ling, Fiona, Brug, Johannes, MacDonncha, Ciaran and Herring, Matthew P. (2018) Associations of self-reported physical activity and depression in 10,000 Irish adults across harmonised datasets: a DEDIPAC-study. BMC Public Health, 18. p. 779. ISSN 1471-2458

[img]
Preview
Text
s12889-018-5702-4.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (588kB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5702-4

Abstract

Background
Depression is a prevalent, debilitating, and often recurrent mood disorder for which successful first-line treatments remains limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cross-sectional associations between self-reported physical activity (PA) and depressive symptoms and status among Irish adults, using two existing datasets, The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) and The Mitchelstown Cohort Study.

Methods
The two selected databases were pooled (n = 10,122), and relevant variables were harmonized. PA was measured using the short form International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) questionnaire. Participants were classified as meeting World Health Organization moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) guidelines or not, and divided into tertiles based on weekly minutes of MVPA. A CES-D score of ≥16 indicated elevated depressive symptoms. Data collection were conducted in 2010–2011.

Results
Significantly higher depressive symptoms were reported by females (7.11 ± 7.87) than males (5.74 ± 6.86; p < 0.001). Following adjustment for age, sex, BMI, and dataset, meeting the PA guidelines was associated with 44.7% (95%CI: 35.0 to 52.9; p < 0.001) lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms. Compared to the low PA tertile, the middle and high PA tertiles were associated with 25.2% (95%CI: 8.7 to 38.6; p < 0.01) and 50.8% (95%CI: 40.7 to 59.2; p < 0.001) lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms, respectively.

Conclusion
Meeting the PA guidelines is associated with lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms, and increased volumes of MVPA are associated with lower odds of elevated depressive symptoms.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2019 11:56
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 09:10
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39603

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics