Senescent cells evade immune clearance via HLA-E-mediated NK and CD8+ T cell inhibition

Pereira, Branca I., Devine, Oliver P., Vukmanovic-Stejic, Milica, Chambers, Emma S., Subramanian, Priya, Patel, Neil, Virasami, Alex, Sebire, Neil J., Kinsler, Veronica, Valdovinos, Alexis, LeSaux, Claude Jourdan, Passos, João F., Antoniou, Antony, Rustin, Malcom H. A., Campisi, Judith and Akbar, Arne N. (2019) Senescent cells evade immune clearance via HLA-E-mediated NK and CD8+ T cell inhibition. Nature Communications, 10 (1). p. 2387. ISSN 2041-1723

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Senescent cells accumulate in human tissues during ageing and contribute to age-related pathologies. The mechanisms responsible for their accumulation are unclear. Here we show that senescent dermal fibroblasts express the non-classical MHC molecule HLA-E, which interacts with the inhibitory receptor NKG2A expressed by NK and highly differentiated CD8+ T cells to inhibit immune responses against senescent cells. HLA-E expression is induced by senescence-associated secretary phenotype-related pro-inflammatory cytokines, and is regulated by p38 MAP kinase signalling in vitro. Consistently, HLA-E expression is increased on senescent cells in human skin sections from old individuals, when compared with those from young, and in human melanocytic nevi relative to normal skin. Lastly, blocking the interaction between HLA-E and NKG2A boosts immune responses against senescent cells in vitro. We thus propose that increased HLA-E expression contributes to persistence of senescent cells in tissues, thereby suggesting a new strategy for eliminating senescent cells during ageing.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
F100 Chemistry
F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2019 10:02
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 11:21

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