The development of lower-atmosphere turbulence early in a solar flare

Jeffrey, Natasha, Fletcher, L., Labrosse, N. and Simões, P. J. A. (2018) The development of lower-atmosphere turbulence early in a solar flare. Science Advances, 4 (12). eaav2794. ISSN 2375-2548

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav2794

Abstract

We present the first observational study of the onset and evolution of solar flare turbulence in the lower solar atmosphere on an unprecedented time scale of 1.7 s using the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph observing plasma at a temperature of 80,000 K. At this time resolution, nonthermal spectral line broadening, indicating turbulent velocity fluctuations, precedes the flare onset at this temperature and is coincident with net blue-shifts. The broadening decreases as the flare brightens and then oscillates with a period of ~10 s. These observations are consistent with turbulence in the lower solar atmosphere at the flare onset, heating that region as it dissipates. This challenges the current view of energy release and transport in the standard solar flare model, suggesting that turbulence partly heats the lower atmosphere.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
F500 Astronomy
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 15:12
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 12:50
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40522

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