C/N Ratio Drives Soil Actinobacterial Cellobiohydrolase Gene Diversity

de Menezes, Alexandre B., Prendergast-Miller, Miranda, Poonpatana, Pabhon, Farrell, Mark, Bissett, Andrew, Macdonald, Lynne M., Toscas, Peter, Richardson, Alan E., Thrall, Peter H. and Müller, V. (2015) C/N Ratio Drives Soil Actinobacterial Cellobiohydrolase Gene Diversity. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81 (9). pp. 3016-3028. ISSN 0099-2240

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1128/AEM.00067-15


Cellulose accounts for approximately half of photosynthesis-fixed carbon; however, the ecology of its degradation in soil is still relatively poorly understood. The role of actinobacteria in cellulose degradation has not been extensively investigated despite their abundance in soil and known cellulose degradation capability. Here, the diversity and abundance of the actinobacterial glycoside hydrolase family 48 (cellobiohydrolase) gene in soils from three paired pasture-woodland sites were determined by using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis and clone libraries with gene-specific primers. For comparison, the diversity and abundance of general bacteria and fungi were also assessed. Phylogenetic analysis of the nucleotide sequences of 80 clones revealed significant new diversity of actinobacterial GH48 genes, and analysis of translated protein sequences showed that these enzymes are likely to represent functional cellobiohydrolases. The soil C/N ratio was the primary environmental driver of GH48 community compositions across sites and land uses, demonstrating the importance of substrate quality in their ecology. Furthermore, mid-infrared (MIR) spectrometry-predicted humic organic carbon was distinctly more important to GH48 diversity than to total bacterial and fungal diversity. This suggests a link between the actinobacterial GH48 community and soil organic carbon dynamics and highlights the potential importance of actinobacteria in the terrestrial carbon cycle.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2019 08:33
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 15:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40616

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics