Vortex-antivortex proliferation from an obstacle in thin film ferromagnets

Iacocca, Ezio and Hoefer, Mark A. (2017) Vortex-antivortex proliferation from an obstacle in thin film ferromagnets. Physical Review B, 95 (13). p. 134409. ISSN 2469-9950

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.95.134409


Magnetization dynamics in thin film ferromagnets can be studied using a dispersive hydrodynamic formulation. The equations describing the magnetodynamics map to a compressible fluid with broken Galilean invariance parametrized by the longitudinal spin density and a magnetic analog of the fluid velocity that define spin-density waves. A direct consequence of these equations is the determination of a magnetic Mach number. Micromagnetic simulations reveal nucleation of nonlinear structures from an impenetrable object realized by an applied magnetic field spot or a defect. In this work, micromagnetic simulations demonstrate vortex-antivortex pair nucleation from an obstacle. Their interaction establishes either ordered or irregular vortex-antivortex complexes. Furthermore, when the magnetic Mach number exceeds unity (supersonic flow), a Mach cone and periodic wavefronts are observed, which can be well-described by solutions of the steady, linearized equations. These results are reminiscent of theoretical and experimental observations in Bose-Einstein condensates, and further support the analogy between the magnetodynamics of a thin film ferromagnet and compressible fluids. The nucleation of nonlinear structures and vortex-antivortex complexes using this approach enables the study of their interactions and effects on the stability of spin-density waves.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
G100 Mathematics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2019 13:53
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 10:20
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40814

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