The Public Value of Child-Friendly Space: Reconceptualising the Playground

Pitsikali, Alkistis, Parnell, Rosie and Mcintyre, Lesley (2020) The Public Value of Child-Friendly Space: Reconceptualising the Playground. Archnet-IJAR, 14 (2). pp. 149-165. ISSN 2631-6862

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/ARCH-07-2019-0164

Abstract

Purpose
The playground is a commonly advised means to integrate children into the public realm of “child-friendly cities”, yet research has tended not to examine it in relation to adjacent public space. This paper aims to understand the extent to which the playground – a socio-spatial phenomenon – facilitates children's integration into the public realm, enabling critical examination of the “child-friendly space” concept.

Design/methodology/approach
An ethnographic study was carried out across three sites in Athens, Greece, where typical neighbourhood playgrounds replicate features common across the global north. Methods combined observation (167 h; morning, afternoon, evening), visual-mapping and 61 semi-structured interviews with 112 playground users (including adults and children from the playgrounds and surroundings). Rigorous qualitative thematic analysis, involving an iterative post-coding process, allowed identification of spatial patterns and emergent themes.

Findings
Findings reveal perceptions surrounding the protective and age-specific aspects of child-friendly design, limit the playgrounds' public value. However, a paradox emerges whereby the playgrounds' adjacency to public spaces designed without child-friendly principles affords children's engagement with the public realm.

Research limitations/implications
Reconceptualisation of the “child-friendly playground” is proposed, embracing interdependence with the public realm – highly significant for child-friendly urban design theory and practice globally. Researchers are encouraged to compare findings in other geographical contexts.

Originality/value
This original finding is enabled by the novel approach to studying the playground in relation to adjacent public realm. The study also offers the first empirical examination of child-friendly city principles – participation in social life and urban play – in a Greek context, addressing a geographical gap in literature on children's everyday spaces.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Playground, Child-friendly city, Athens, Ethnography, Public value, Public realm
Subjects: K100 Architecture
K200 Building
K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2019 09:26
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2020 08:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40879

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