Spin transfer torque generated magnetic droplet solitons (invited)

Chung, S., Mohseni, S. M., Sani, S. R., Iacocca, Ezio, Dumas, R. K., Anh Nguyen, T. N., Pogoryelov, Ye., Muduli, P. K., Eklund, A., Hoefer, M. and Åkerman, J. (2014) Spin transfer torque generated magnetic droplet solitons (invited). Journal of Applied Physics, 115 (17). p. 172612. ISSN 0021-8979

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We present recent experimental and numerical advancements in the understanding of spin transfer torque generated magnetic droplet solitons. The experimental work focuses on nano-contact spin torque oscillators (NC-STOs) based on orthogonal (pseudo) spin valves where the Co fixed layer has an easy-plane anisotropy, and the [Co/Ni] free layer has a strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. The NC-STO resistance and microwave signal generation are measured simultaneously as a function of drive current and applied perpendicular magnetic field. Both exhibit dramatic transitions at a certain current dependent critical field value, where the microwave frequency drops 10 GHz, modulation sidebands appear, and the resistance exhibits a jump, while the magnetoresistance changes sign. We interpret these observations as the nucleation of a magnetic droplet soliton with a large fraction of its magnetization processing with an angle greater than 90°, i.e., around a direction opposite that of the applied field. This interpretation is corroborated by numerical simulations. When the field is further increased, we find that the droplet eventually collapses under the pressure from the Zeeman energy.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2019 09:41
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 10:07
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41046

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