Acceptability, Feasibility and Preliminary Evaluation of a Novel, Personalised, Home-based Physical Activity Intervention for Chronic Heart Failure (Active-at-Home-HF): a Pilot Study

Okwose, Nduka, Avery, Leah, O'Brien, Nicola, Cassidy, Sophie, Charman, Sarah J., Bailey, Kristian, Velicki, Lazar, Olivotto, Iacopo, Brenna, Paul, MacGowan, Guy and Jakovljevic, Djordje (2019) Acceptability, Feasibility and Preliminary Evaluation of a Novel, Personalised, Home-based Physical Activity Intervention for Chronic Heart Failure (Active-at-Home-HF): a Pilot Study. Sports Medicine - Open, 5 (1). p. 45. ISSN 2199-1170

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40798-019-0216-x

Abstract

Purpose: Less than 10% of heart failure patients in the UK participate in cardiac rehabilitation programmes. The present pilot study evaluated feasibility, acceptability and physiological effects of a novel, personalised, home-based physical activity intervention in chronic heart failure.

Methods: Twenty patients (68±7 years old, 20% females) with stable chronic heart failure due to reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (31±8 %) participated in a single group, pilot study assessing the feasibility and acceptability of a 12-week personalised home-based physical activity intervention aiming to increase daily number of steps by 2000 from baseline (Active-at-Home-HF). Patients completed cardiopulmonary exercise testing with non-invasive gas exchange and haemodynamic measurements and quality of life questionnaire pre- and post-intervention. Patients were supported weekly via telephone and average weekly step count data collected using pedometers.

Results: 43 patients were screened and 20 recruited into the study. Seventeen patients (85%) completed the intervention, and 15 (75%) achieved the target step count. Average step count per day increased significantly from baseline to 3 weeks by 2546 (5108±3064 to 7654±3849 P=0.03, n=17), and was maintained until week 12 (9022±3942). Following completion of the intervention, no adverse events were recorded, quality of life improved by 4 points (26±18 vs. 22±19). Peak exercise stroke volume increased by 19% (127±34 vs 151±34 m/beat, P=0.05), while cardiac index increased by 12% (6.8±1.5 vs. 7.6±2.0 L/min/m2, P=0.19). Workload and oxygen consumption at anaerobic threshold also increased by 16% (49±16 vs. 59±14 watts, P=0.01) and 10% (11.5±2.9 vs. 12.8±2.2 ml/kg/min, P=0.39).

Conclusion: The Active-at-Home-HF intervention is feasible, acceptable and effective for increasing physical activity in CHF. It may lead to improvements in quality of life, exercise tolerance and haemodynamic function.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Physical Activity, Chronic Heart failure, Home-based intervention, Behavioural Change
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2019 15:48
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2020 08:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41277

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