A hierarchical energy management system for multiple home energy hubs in neighborhood grids

Gholinejad, Hamid Reza, Loni, Abdolah, Adabi, Jafar and Marzband, Mousa (2020) A hierarchical energy management system for multiple home energy hubs in neighborhood grids. Journal of Building Engineering, 28. p. 101028. ISSN 2352-7102

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2019.101028

Abstract

This paper presents a hierarchical energy management system (HEMS) for multiple home energy hubs in the neighborhood grid (MHEHNG). The main objectives are maximizing financial profit and shaving the peak of upstream grid. This way, the proposed HEMS manages the energy generation and energy storing, as well as energy purchase/sale of each home energy hub (HEH) under the two levels including lower and upper levels. The lower level is responsible for supplying the internal load and reducing the energy cost in each HEH. The upper level is the central energy management system (CEMS) which is focused on forming a coalition between the local HEHs, as well as giving the tempting offers to increase the financial profit through a heuristic bidding strategy. The principle of proposed bidding strategy is based on weighted distributing of excess power among consumers that is one of the contribution of this paper. It leads to trading more energy at the lowest possible price. Determining the most appropriate operational scenario in each HEH requires the investigation of both technical and financial aspects. A novel scenario selector method has been proposed based on SOC-tariff plane. This is another contribution of this work. A simulator has been implemented in the MATLAB/GUI software environment to facilitate the evaluation of proposed HEMS performance. The simulation results indicate the effectiveness of the proposed HEMS. They show a decrease in the total energy cost of the CBs by almost 9.4%, and an increase in the total profit of the HEHs by 4.55%. Also, it was found out that the energy can be purchased from HEHs at varying rates and can be sold to the consumers at almost constant rates by using the proposed bidding strategy. This motivates HEHs to submit more power at lower tariffs to the CEMS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hierarchical energy management system, Home energy hub, Renewable energy, Simulator, Several home energy hubs in a neighborhood grid
Subjects: F300 Physics
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
K200 Building
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2019 10:56
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2019 11:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41376

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