Pro‐saccades predict Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease: ICICLE‐PD

Stuart, Sam, Lawson, Rachael A., Yarnall, Alison J., Nell, Jeremy, Alcock, Lisa, Duncan, Gordon W., Khoo, Tien K., Barker, Roger A., Rochester, Lynn and Burn, David J. (2019) Pro‐saccades predict Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease: ICICLE‐PD. Movement Disorders, 34 (11). pp. 1690-1698. ISSN 0885-3185

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.27813

Abstract

Background
Cumulative dementia incidence in Parkinson's disease (PD) is significant, with major personal and socioeconomic impacts on individuals with PD and their carers. Early identification of dementia risk is vital to ensuring optimal intervention. Saccadic deficits often distinguish neurodegenerative disorders and cognitive impairment, but their ability to predict cognitive decline in PD has yet to be determined. The aims of this study were to (1) evaluate baseline (6.4 ± 6.1 months since PD diagnosis) differences in pro‐saccadic metrics between those with early PD and healthy age‐matched adults; and (2) assess the ability of baseline pro‐saccades to predict subsequent cognitive decline over 4.5 years.

Methods
One hundred and forty‐one PD and 90 age‐matched participants recruited at diagnosis underwent saccadometric assessment of pro‐saccades at baseline and had cognition assessed at baseline, 18, 36, and 54 months. Pro‐saccadic characteristics included latency, duration, amplitude, peak, and average velocity. Cognitive assessment included executive function, attention, fluctuating attention, and memory. Linear mixed‐effects models examined pro‐saccadic metrics as predictors of cognitive decline over 54 months.

Results
Pro‐saccades were significantly impaired at baseline in PD compared with controls. Pro‐saccadic characteristics of latency, duration, peak, and average velocity predicted decline in global cognition, executive function, attention, and memory over 54 months in PD. In addition, only reduction in global cognition and attention were predicted by pro‐saccadic metrics in age‐matched adults, indicating that PD findings were not purely age related.

Conclusions
Saccadic characteristics are impaired in early PD and are predictive of cognitive decline in several domains. Assessment of saccades may provide a useful non‐invasive biomarker for long‐term PD cognitive decline in early disease.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Published on behalf of ICICLE-PD study group.
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomarker, cognition, dementia, Parkinson's disease, saccades
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 12:51
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2020 08:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41428

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