Vision, visuo-cognition and postural control in Parkinson's disease: An associative pilot study

Hill, Elizabeth, Stuart, Sam, Lord, Stephen, Del Din, Silvia and Rochester, Lynn (2016) Vision, visuo-cognition and postural control in Parkinson's disease: An associative pilot study. Gait & Posture, 48. pp. 74-76. ISSN 0966-6362

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.04.024

Abstract

Introduction
Impaired postural control (PC) is common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and is a major contributor to falls, with significant consequences. Mechanisms underpinning PC are complex and include motor and non-motor features. Research has focused predominantly on motor and sensory inputs. Vision and visuo-cognitive function are also integral to PC but have largely been ignored to date. The aim of this observational cross-sectional pilot study was to explore the relationship of vision and visuo-cognition with PC in PD.

Methods
Twelve people with PD and ten age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent detailed assessments for vision, visuo-cognition and postural control. Vision assessments included visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Visuo-cognition was measured by visuo-perception (object identification), visuo-construction (ability to copy a figure) and visuo-spatial ability (judge distances and location of object within environment). PC was measured by an accelerometer for a range of outcomes during a 2-min static stance. Spearman's correlations identified significant associations.

Results
Contrast sensitivity, visuo-spatial ability and postural control (ellipsis) were significantly impaired in PD (p = 0.017; p = 0.001; and p = 0.017, respectively). For PD only, significant correlations were found for higher visuo-spatial function and larger ellipsis (r = 0.64; p = 0.024) and impaired attention and reduced visuo-spatial function (r = −0.62; p = 0.028).

Conclusions
Visuo-spatial ability is associated with PC deficit in PD, but in an unexpected direction. This suggests a non-linear pattern of response. Further research is required to examine this novel and important finding.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Parkinson's disease, vision, cognition, postural control, visuo-cognition
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
B300 Complementary Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 15:47
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 10:04
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41440

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