Drying in the Middle East during Northern Hemisphere cold events of the early glacial period

Carolin, Stacy, Ersek, Vasile, Roberts, William, Walker, Richard and Henderson, Gideon M. (2019) Drying in the Middle East during Northern Hemisphere cold events of the early glacial period. Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (23). pp. 14003-14010. ISSN 0094-8276

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019gl084365

Abstract

Few paleoclimate records exist to assess the central Middle East’s response to natural forcing beyond the instrumental record. Here we present a multi-proxy stalagmite-based climate reconstruction from Iran’s semi-arid northeast that spans 100-70 thousand years before present(ka). During severe cold (stadial) events in the North Atlantic at ≈88, 77, and 73 ka, stalagmite trace-element data indicate anomalously dry periods at this location. Stadial event increases in the stalagmite oxygen isotopes mirror those in a published Iranian stalagmite 800 km to the west. A global climate model simulates drying across the Middle East region in response to stadial event forcing, in agreement with oxygen isotope enrichments in both Iranian records, caused by a smaller fractional loss of moisture on the trajectory upstream. The paleoproxies and model experiments are consistent in indicating a drier Middle East climate during the cold North Atlantic stadials.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2019 09:39
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2020 08:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41480

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