Instantaneous Antarctic ice-sheet mass loss driven by thinning ice shelves

Gudmundsson, Hilmar, Paolo, Fernando S., Adusumilli, Susheel and Fricker, Helen A. (2019) Instantaneous Antarctic ice-sheet mass loss driven by thinning ice shelves. Geophysical Research Letters, 46 (23). pp. 13903-13909. ISSN 0094-8276

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085027

Abstract

Abstract Recent observations show that the rate at which the Antarctic Ice Sheet (AIS) is contributing to sea level rise is increasing. Increasing ice-ocean heat exchange has the potential to induce substantial mass loss through the melting of its ice shelves. Lack of data and limitations in modelling, however, have made it challenging to quantify the importance of ocean-induced changes in ice-shelf thickness as a driver for ongoing mass loss. Here, we use a numerical ice-sheet model in combination with satellite observations of ice-shelf thinning from 1994 to 2017 to quantify instantaneous changes in ice flow across all AIS grounding lines, resulting from changes in ice-shelf buttressing alone. Our process-based predictions are in good agreement with observed spatial patterns of ice loss, providing support for the notion that a significant portion of the current ice loss of the AIS is ocean driven and caused by a reduction in ice-shelf buttressing.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Glaciology, Antartica, Ice-flow modelling
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2019 11:19
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2020 11:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41615

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