Looking sharp: Becoming a search template boosts precision and stability in visual working memory

Rajsic, Jason, Ouslis, Natasha E., Wilson, Daryl E. and Pratt, Jay (2017) Looking sharp: Becoming a search template boosts precision and stability in visual working memory. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79 (6). pp. 1643-1651. ISSN 1943-3921

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13414-017-1342-5

Abstract

Visual working memory (VWM) plays a central role in visual cognition, and current work suggests that there is a special state in VWM for items that are the goal of visual searches. However, whether the quality of memory for target templates differs from memory for other items in VWM is currently unknown. In this study, we measured the precision and stability of memory for search templates and accessory items to determine whether search templates receive representational priority in VWM. Memory for search templates exhibited increased precision and probability of recall, whereas accessory items were remembered less often. Additionally, while memory for Templates showed benefits when instances of the Template appeared in search, this benefit was not consistently observed for Accessory items when they appeared in search. Our results show that becoming a search template can substantially affect the quality of a representation in VWM.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: visual search, template,visual attention, working memory
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2019 17:27
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2019 13:35
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41674

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