Prolonged cooling with phase change material enhances recovery and does not affect the subsequent repeated bout effect following exercise

Kwiecien, Susan, O’Hara, Denis, Mchugh, Malachy and Howatson, Glyn (2020) Prolonged cooling with phase change material enhances recovery and does not affect the subsequent repeated bout effect following exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 120 (2). pp. 413-423. ISSN 1439-6319

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-019-04285-5

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this investigation was two-fold: (1) to examine the effect of prolonged phase change material(PCM) cooling following eccentric exercise of the quadriceps on indices of muscle damage, and (2) to elucidatewhether application of PCM cooling blunted the acute adaptive response to eccentric exercise, known as therepeated bout effect (RBE).METHODS: Twenty-six males (25±6 years) performed an initial bout (B1) of 120 eccentric quadriceps contractionson each leg at 90% of their isometric strength and were then randomized to receive PCM packs frozen at 15°C(treatment) or melted packs (control) worn directly on the skin under shorts for 6 h. The protocol was repeated 14days later (B2) with all participants receiving the control condition.RESULTS: PCM cooling provided protection against strength loss in B1 (P=0.005) with no difference in strengthbetween treatment groups in B2 (P=0.172; bout by treatment by time P=0.008). PCM cooling reduced soreness inB1 (P=0.009) with no difference between treatment groups in B2 (P=0.061). Soreness was overall lower followingB2 than B1 (P<0.001). CK was elevated in B1 (P<0.0001) and reduced in B2 (P<0.001) with no difference betweentreatments. The damage protocol did not elevate hsCRP in B1, with no difference between treatments or betweenbouts.CONCLUSIONS: This work provides further evidence that PCM cooling enhances recovery of strength and reducessoreness following eccentric exercise. Importantly, these data show for the first time that prolonged PCM coolingdoes not compromise the adaptive response associated with the RBE.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cryotherapy, Exercise-induced muscle damage, Adaptation, Delayed onset muscle soreness
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 14:37
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2020 14:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41699

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