Analysis of azimuthal magnetorotational instability of rotating MHD flows and Tayler instability via an extended Hain-Lust equation

Zou, Rong, Labarbe, Joris, Kirillov, Oleg and Fukumoto, Yasuhide (2020) Analysis of azimuthal magnetorotational instability of rotating MHD flows and Tayler instability via an extended Hain-Lust equation. Physical Review E, 101 (1). 013201. ISSN 2470-0045

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.101.013201

Abstract

We consider a differentially rotating flow of an incompressible electrically conducting and viscous fluid subject to an external axial magnetic field and to an azimuthal magnetic field that is allowed to be generated by a combination of an axial electric current external to the fluid and electrical currents in the fluid itself. In this setting we derive an extended version of the celebrated Hain-Lust differential equation for the radial Lagrangian displacement that incorporates the effects of the axial and azimuthal magnetic fields, differential rotation, viscosity, and electrical resistivity. We apply the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin method to the extended Hain-L¨ust equation and derive a new comprehensive dispersion relation for the local stability analysis of the flow to three-dimensional disturbances. We confirm that in the limit of low magnetic Prandtl numbers, in which the ratio of the viscosity to the magnetic diffusivity is vanishing, the rotating flows with radial distributions of the angular velocity beyond the Liu limit, become unstable subject to a wide variety of the azimuthal magnetic fields, and so is the Keplerian flow. In the analysis of the dispersion relation we find evidence of a new long-wavelength instability which is caught also by the numerical solution of the boundary value problem for a magnetized Taylor-Couette flow.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: magnetohydrodynamcs (MHD), Magnetorotational instability, WKB approximation, accretion disks – instabilities – magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) – turbulence
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2019 14:54
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2020 16:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41761

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