Enhanced Piezoelectric Effect Derived from Grain Boundary in MoS2 Monolayers

Dai, Mingjin, Zheng, Wei, Zhang, Xi, Wang, Sanmei, Lin, Junhao, Li, Kai, Hu, Yunxia, Sun, Enwei, Zhang, Jia, Qiu, Yunfeng, Fu, Richard, Cao, Wenwu and Hu, PingAn (2020) Enhanced Piezoelectric Effect Derived from Grain Boundary in MoS2 Monolayers. Nano Letters, 20 (1). pp. 201-207. ISSN 1530-6984

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.9b03642

Abstract

Recent discovery of piezoelectricity that existed in two-dimensional (2D) layered materials represents a key milestone for flexible electronics and miniaturized and wearable devices. However, so far the reported piezoelectricity in these 2D layered materials is too weak to be used for any practical applications. In this work, we discovered that grain boundaries (GBs) in monolayer MoS2 can significantly enhance its piezoelectric property. The output power of piezoelectric devices made of the butterfly-shaped monolayer MoS2 was improved about 50% by the GB-induced piezoelectric effect. The enhanced piezoelectricity is attributed to the additional piezoelectric effect induced by the existence of deformable GBs which can promote polarization and generates spontaneous polarization with different piezoelectric coefficients along various directions. We further made a flexible piezoelectric device based on the 2D MoS2 with the GBs and demonstrated its potential application in self-powered precision sensors for in situ detecting pressure changes in human blood for health monitoring.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SHG, AC-STEM, DFT calculations, piezoelectric sensors, health monitoring
Subjects: F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2019 15:31
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2020 12:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/41774

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